Demographic and Ethnic Features of Ouigour


After the establishment of the Ouigour Khanate, the scattered tribes of Teli gradually formed a united Ouigour group. In relating to the outside, those tribes no longer used their original names but Ouigour instead. Ouigour became the name of an ethnic group and a khanate rather than that of a tribe only. There is no clear indication of the population… Read more →

Buddhist associations and one Christian association


Religious organizations at different levels have been resumed or established. Xinjiang has 88 religious organizations now at various levels, among which 2 are at the autonomous region level (one Islamic association and one Buddhist association), 17 at the prefectural or city level (including 13 Islamic associations, 3 Buddhist associations and one Christian association), and 69 at the county Religious figures… Read more →

Better Management of Religious Affairs


2.    Better Management of Religious Affairs in Accordance with the Law Contrary to integration of government and religion, separation of government and religion means that religion shall not interfere in the state’s administrative, judicial and educational Endeavour, while the state regards all religions as equals and protects normal religious activities. In the history of Xinjiang, the Islamic faith had close… Read more →

land farming and animal husbandry


The second task was to achieve social and economic stability and ease discontent borne by the general public, which in essence was to consolidate Sheng Shicai’s ruling position both politically and economically. The Soviet Union achieved that goal by sending people over to assist Sheng to make policy decisions and exercise administration. After 1935, batches of Soviet personnel were sent… Read more →

a combination of ethnic autonomy and regional autonomy


The system of regional ethnic autonomy in China is a combination of ethnic autonomy and regional autonomy. The administrative divisions in autonomous areas include three levels— autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties (and banners, or “qi”), which are equivalent to provinces, regions and counties in regular administrative divisions. The establishment of autonomous areas is based on the compact communities… Read more →

the giant Buddhas of Xinjiang


Afghanistan; even they were products of the same period, Xinjiang had far more giant Buddha statues than Bamiyan. Some scholars believe that “the giant Buddhas of Xinjiang exerted more important influence than other types of cave structures or murals did on areas both to the west of the Congling Mountains and to the east of Xinjiang,,^l. Due to limited space,… Read more →

Competition for the Western Regions among Mongol Princes


Chagatai died in 1242 (the 2nd year of Chunyou reign of Song Dynasty). In the fight for the Great Khanship between the Ogedei faction and the Tolui faction, the descendants of Chagatai either followed Guyuk or allied with Mongke, and were always under pressure and attacks from many sides. After Mongke died, Kublai and Ariq Boke competed for the throne,… Read more →

Central Plains were in great turmoil


regime was already defeated by the Eastern Jin at the Feishui Bartle, and the Central Plains were in great turmoil. Lu Guang thus set up the Later Liang regime at Guzang (today’s Wuwei). Lu also appointed his own son as General of the West, Military Governor of Regions West of Yumen and Great Protector of the Western Regions, headquartered in… Read more →

the management mode in the Dongying Hotel


  According to the operating budget of the Dongying Hotel in 2001, the annual turnover index of the food and beverage department in Building One and Two is 9. 6 million Yuan (including wine but not including internal reception) with a cost rate oj 50% and a gross profit of 4.8 million Yuan as well a net profits of 2,903,100… Read more →